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Bidri craft History


Bidriware is named after the town of Bidar in Karnataka. This art form was brought to India in the 12th century by Moinuddin Hasan Chisti, a metal craftsman from Persia.


§It arrived in this Deccan region only in the 14th to 15th century during the Bahmani Sultanate.

The king Ahmed Shah Al WaliBaihmanireceived a bidri craft from a

Persian craftsman Abdullah Bin Kaiseras a coronation gift.

§Ahmed Baihmaniwas an eloquent lover of the arts and crafts and promoted Bidri all around Bidar. The craft was not limited to any caste and could be picked by anyone.


§RangeenMahal, a palace in the Bidar fort, has a polished black basalt arch panel inlaid with mother-of-pear. It was built by Ahmed Shah Baihmaniin 1426 and is said to be the artistic inspiration for many bidri designs; Owing to its similarities of white designs against a black


When comparing the Seljuk & Bhamanieras based on the time period:

Seljuk Period (1060 to around 1307)  BhamaniPeriod (1347 and 1527)

The periods are fairly close making it viable for the practice of GhalamZani to have slowly evolved into bidri once it touched Indian soil.

We can see the similarities of silver design against a black background in the below images, however, bidri is an inlay style in ghalam zaniis an engraving style:

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